How To: Minion Method – Pro Q Set Up 101


In this next guide we are going to explore another way of setting up your barbecue for a long, low and slow cook.  The Minion Method, named so after US BBQ competitor Jim Minion, is a popular technique and is especially effective in the Pro Q or bullet style smokers.

We will look at how to set up the minion method as well as a basic set up for the Pro Q Frontier, the most common of the Pro Q series.

There are a couple of ways to set up a bullet smoker, each with their own pros and cons.

This guide is aimed at the simplest way to get you started with your bullet smoker – once you’ve done a few cooks begin to experiment with other set ups.

Before we get stuck in to the minion method set up let’s look at the anatomy of a bullet smoker.


The Pro Q comprises of two grills up top to place your food, a water pan and a charcoal basket down the bottom.

With other styles of smoker we achieve low temperatures by using indirect cooking – where the heat source is adjacent to the meat.

With a vertical style smoker the fire is directly underneath the meat, so we need a means of keeping the temperature low – that’s where the water pan comes in.

The water pan acts as a heat diffuser – the amount of energy required to heat up the water and maintain that heat reduces the overall heat inside the smoker. YEAH SCIENCE.

There are pros and cons to using the water pan.  The main pro is that heat diffusion making it super easy to get an even heat inside your vertical smoker.  There’s also an argument that the steam generated keeps the meat moist (yeah, I said MOIST, what of it).

The con is that steam generated from the water pan can make it harder to form a bark or crust on the outside of your meat, which is why in our next minion article we will look at a non water pan method also.


The Method: 

The Minion Method works in a similar manner to the Snake Method which we have covered previously, where lit fuel slowly ignites unlit fuel via combustion allowing you to slowly control temps.

The difference with Minion is you use a large pile of unlit fuel rather than the long fuse of the snake.  I have two different Minion set ups that I use: The Donut and the Wedge; today we are using the Donut.

Begin by pouring about 4kg (one bag) of heatbeads in your charcoal basket, spreading them out to the side and forming a “donut”.   While doing this light the remainder of your heatbeads in a starter chimney or similar.

Note: if you are using a different size Pro Q or different style smoker the minion method will still work you may need to adjust your fuel levels.

You can use a variety of fuel types on your bullet smoker – I quite like lump charcoal, however the intro guide is aimed at using something that is easy and readily available to everyone.


Place lit beads in the middle of the donut – I used 13 heat beads in the above pic, the aim is to fill that hole (that’s what she said!) – but be mindful of how much lit fuel you use.

Add your smoking wood at this point, I add 2-3 chunks, placing one on the lit fuel and the rest adjacent as they will smoke once the remaining fuel begins to light.

Vents & Water Pan 

Fill your water pan about halfway – I used five litres of water, the Pro Q Frontier water pan has about a 9 litre capacity.

Your vents are your heat control – on the Pro Q I only use the bottom vents to control heat as I want the top vent fully open to let smoke escape and not hang around the cook chamber.

I began this test with one bottom vent fully closed, the remaining two fully open.



The Pro Q took half an hour to get to a temp of 225f, settling at around 250f for the rest of the guide, total cook time from the one load of fuel was about 11 hours – plenty of time for most cooks.

With this style of smoker it is also extremely easy to add fuel and keep the party going as long as you like.  I recently ran my larger Pro Q for 25 hours with a fuel top up halfway and it didn’t skip a beat.


During the guide I had to make a few adjustments to the smoker to keep it at temp:

  • Pit temp was climbing and hit 260f, at this point I half shut one of the fully opened vents.
  • Water pan topped up at 3 hour mark and 6 hour mark by 2 litres per time.
  • Around 9-10 hour mark opened all vents as temperature was dropping to give it one final boost.

Your vents are your accelerator and your brake, the more you open them the faster temps will rise and as you shut them temperatures will drop.

The water pan keeps things balanced – if you notice a sudden spike in temperature your water pan has probably emptied, so keep an eye on it and top it up regularly.

Just give me the summary I’m not reading all of that: 

  • 4kg unlit fuel in charcoal basket, forming a donut.
  • 13-15 lit beads in centre of donut.
  • Smoking wood on top.
  • 5 litres of water in water pan, topping up as required or every 3 hours.
  • One bottom vent fully shut, two fully open to start – adjust as required to control temps.
  • Top vent fully open at all times.
  • Results of this test: average temp 250f for 11 hours.

Enjoyed this guide?

Why not read some of my other guides:

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19 Responses to How To: Minion Method – Pro Q Set Up 101

  1. Jeff says:

    Another well written and super practical guide. Thanks for taking the time to help the rest of us.

  2. Pingback: How to: Reverse Sear Tri-Tip on the Weber Kettle | Gusface Grillah

  3. Jimbo says:

    You say 4 Kg for this size proQ, but don’t actually say what size proQ you have.

  4. Jubzie says:

    Hi Mate,

    Would you say that this method and of course adjusting fuel levels would work kind of the same in a Fornetto razzo 22 ?


  5. Matt says:

    What if I wanted a lower temp, say around 200F… been finding my 2+kg briskets been reaching temps in around 4hrs…. going to be pairing this with a 3kg Pork shoulder for pulled pork also, need to make sure I am fairly solid with a serving time at 6pm at night

    • G’day mate – I don’t usually cook the smaller brisket offcuts – it’s not necessarily a bad thing to reach temp in that time if that’s how long it takes.
      I also wouldn’t cook as low as 200f personally as I don’t think it’s necessary to go that low

      That said you would control your temps with vent control – oxygen is the easiest way to control your temps, the more you shut down your vents the lower temps will go

      If you ever find your food is ready ahead of serving you can wrap in an esky to keep warm until dinner time

  6. Phil says:

    Great article. I’m considering buying a Pro Q Frontier. I assume you used probes to measure the temperature at grill level? If so which brand\model thermometer? Cheers mate.

  7. Simon says:

    Hey Gus,

    Firstly, thanks, I’m a complete newbie who’s just bitten the bullet on a razzo 22 and this article has been way more helpful than anything else i’ve read in getting my head around it.
    Planning on using heatbeads lump and wood chips not chunks (mainly because the missus bought me a shedload, so if i don’t use them i’d be in serious trouble). Am i right in thinking the setup can be similar, even with the change in fuel? And should i soak the chips?
    Thanks again

    • G’day mate
      No worries glad you have found it helpful!
      It will definitely still work with the heatbeads lump and wood chips

      Don’t soak the chips though, it will give off bad smoke
      Otherwise the set up will be exactly the same though, just control your temps with the vents

  8. Pat says:

    This is amazing, as is everything I’ve read of yours. Can you expand in why you start with one bottom vent closed and two open, as opposed to say, all three 1/3 closed?

    Also, when you have to top up the fuel, do you add lit or unlit, and is it important how you add it, or can you just chuck it in….

    (Just burned in my 18″ Razzo yesterday, looking forward to a good cook on it this weekend….)

    Thanks for all your work.

  9. Aaron says:

    Great article, love the fact you kept it relevant to what is readily available. Would like to see the difference in temp and time with lump charcoal vs heat beads.

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